Chinese Name: 黄龙风景名胜区
English Name: Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area; Huanglong Valley
Type: Ancient culture and art
Rating Level: AAAAA (5A)
Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area are located in Songpan County 松潘县, Aba Tibetan, and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture 阿坝藏族羌族自治州, Sichuan Province 四川省, with an area of 700 square kilometers. Huanglong Scenic Area is the only well-protected plateau wetland in China. It is 100 kilometers away from Jiuzhaigou Valley 九寨沟 and 1700-5588 meters above sea level.
Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area are famous for their “four wonders” of colorful pools, snow-capped mountains, canyons, and forests, and the “seven wonders” of beaches, ancient temples, and folk customs. The scenic area consists of Huanglong Valley黄龙沟, Danyun Gorge 丹云峡, Mouni Valley 牟尼沟, Xuebao Ding 雪宝鼎, Xueshanliang 雪山梁, Hongxingyan 红星岩, Xigou 西沟, and other scenic spots. The main landscape is concentrated in the Huanglong Valley, which is about 3.6 kilometers long and is covered with travertine carbonate deposits. It is also arranged in terraces and is famous for its rich animal and plant resources, “World Wonder”, “Jade Pool on Earth 人间瑶池”, etc.
In 1992, Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area were listed on the World Natural Heritage List. In addition to the mountain landscape, you can also find different forest ecosystems, limestone structures, waterfalls, and hot springs here. There are also many endangered animals in this area, including the giant panda and Sichuan verrucose-nosed golden monkey.
What are worth visiting and seeing？
Huanglong Valley 黄龙沟 is located at Xuebaoding 雪宝顶, the main peak of Minshan Mountain 岷山, next to Fuyuan Bridge 涪源桥, the source of the Fujiang River. It is a gentle slope valley with a length of 7.5km and a width of 1.5km. The ditch is full of milky yellow rocks, which look like the Yellow Dragon winding in the dense forests and valleys from afar. The name of the Yellow Dragon Valley comes from here. In the Ming Dynasty 明朝, Huanglong Temple was built here to worship Huanglong. Huanglong Valley is famous at home and abroad for its “strange, unique, beautiful and secluded” natural landscape, which closely resembles the image of a “dragon” in the eyes of Chinese people.
When entering Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area, the first thing you can see is a group of exquisite and unique pools with beautiful water quality — Welcome Pool 迎宾池. The ponds vary in size, shape, and color. The surrounding mountains are surrounded by verdant trees, wildflowers are blooming in the mountains, and butterflies are flying. The mountain stone path twists and turns, interspersed with viewing pavilions, adding more interest.
Bonsai Pool 盆景池 is composed of a group of nearly 100 pools. There are pools in the pool, and the pool is covered with pools. The pond dyke changes with the roots and terrain of the trees. The dyke is connected to the bank, and the living water is the same source, overlapping with the trend; The bottom of the pool is yellow, white, brown, and gray.
The surface of the pool is clear and dust-free, and looks like a mirror; In the pool beside the pool, there are trees, stones, flowers, and plants everywhere, cypresses are growing, mountain flowers are smiling, and wild fruits are colorful. This gorgeous landscape, just like a unique bonsai made by heaven and earth, makes horticulturists marvel.
Huanglong Temple is about 3.5 kilometers away from the mouth of the ditch, and there is Huanglong Middle Temple 黄龙中寺 to let tourists rest. In the ditch, there were three temples in the front, middle and back, and only the ruins of the front temple are left; There are five halls in Middle Temple, covering an area of about 5100 square meters.
The existing Guanyin Hall 观音殿 and the ten statues of Arhats 罗汉 in the hall are located at the end of Huanglong Valley, with an altitude of 3558 meters and a floor area of 2100 square meters. The temple buildings are basically well-preserved. It is said that Huanglong helped Yu 大禹 to control the flood. Later generations built a monument here for sacrifice.
Scenic Area Resources
Huanglong travertine landscape 钙化资源 is a veritable natural travertine museum with complete types. Its scale is huge: the continuous travertine section in Huanglong Valley is 3600 meters long, the longest travertine beach is 1300 meters long and the widest is 170 meters; There are more than 3400 color pools. In the 3600m section of Huanglong Valley, almost all types of travertine are formed at the same time, and a golden “dragon” is ingeniously formed, soaring in the snow mountains and forests.
At an altitude of more than 3000 meters, the Huanglong area is widely developed with clear Quaternary glacial relics 冰川遗迹, of which the Xuebaoding area, the main peak of Minshan Mountain, is the most typical. It is characterized by comprehensive types, and dense distribution, and most close to the east. Modern glacier and ancient glacier relics and their relationship with travertine are of great scientific value.
China From Above | Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area
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